Burna – Day 7: The first evidence of war!

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Today was another great day at the tel.  other than the large group of volunteers, and numerous visitors, we had a couple of interesting finds.  But Ill go square by square.  as we approach the end of the season, we are slowly starting to close things down.  In Chris and Mindy’s square – they finished most of the cleaning.  tomorrow we will draw the section showing the destruction layer that they excavated, and that will be it for Square V6 this season.

In Tim and Alex’s square they are also working towards closing things up and were lowering the upper step down to the level of the lower step, when Tim discovered a beautiful arrowhead.  Stylistically, it seems it may be Israelite, although a better definition will be possible once we’ve cleaned it.  Way to go TIM!

In Ido, Sandy and Tirtza’s square they continued working to uncover an interesting wall, which may relate to the fortification wall.  In Debi’s square they removed a lot of dirt, uncovering part of a stone basin along the way.

In Amit’s square, Mor and Merav helped him clean up some more in preparing for the final stages of the season.  one of the main focuses of work revolved around the silo or pit already mentioned in earlier posts.  the pit has yielded much pottery, which at first glance gives an interesting glimpse into the site’s past.  the pottery still needs to be analysed, but at first glance seems that it may be 7th century or Persian.  If Persian, this is a common phenomenon to find Persian pits lying around sites.

However, if it is 7th Century, than this could be another clue to identifying the site.  this is because Tel Burna is one of the main candidates for ancient Libnah.  Libnah is an important Levitical city, on the border with Philistia, and near Eter.  A later post will present more on the subject, but – in relation to the pit – one of the mentions of Libnah in the Bible refers to Hamutal, who was from Libnah and married King Josiah in the 7th Century.

Until now we have been uncertain if we have 7th Century, but if this pit does date to this period, then it will be the first clue as to whether there is a settlement at the site in the latter days of the Judean kingdom.

And here are a couple of shots of Itzick goofing around – just to show you what happens after too many hours in the sun 🙂

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2 thoughts on “Burna – Day 7: The first evidence of war!

    aiwac said:
    June 28, 2010 at 11:12 pm

    Forgive my ignorance, but what characterizes an “Israelite” arrowhead? The type of metal? The shape?

      joeuziel responded:
      June 29, 2010 at 1:45 pm

      That is a very good question. Typology of arrowheads is not like ceramics where things are very exact, but there are some differences in the shape which can indicate the region and rough time period where they were made and/or used. unlike ceramics, you won’t get such a fine-tuned dating, but rough ballpark figures. As far as materials, this is usually less indicative. IF you want to look for more on arrowheads, many were found and published at Lachish, where the evidence for the Assyrian siege of the city is very strong.

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