For those of you who are not familiar with the site, Tel Burna is located in southern Israel, along the banks of Nahal Guvrin.
The site is located in the Shephelah (foothills), not far from several other important archaeological sites: Tell es-Safi/Gath, Tel Goded, Maresha, Tel Zayit, Beth Shemesh, Lachish and Azekah. The Shephela served as a border between the kingdoms of Judah and the Philistines in the Iron Age, and was known as the breadbasket of the south, due to its suitability for growing crops, such as grapes (which is true until this day) and Olive gorves, important for olive oil production.
The prominent summit is a result of the fortifications that enclosed the upper city. these fortifications are still visible today, as you can see in the photo. These fortifications have been visible since at least the mid-1950’s, when Yohanan Aharoni and Ruth Amiran, two of Israel’s most prominent archaeologists, noted their existence.
Despite this, the site has never been excavated, mostly due to the fear that later periods covered the earlier remains. as you will see in a future post, this is clearly not the case, as the 2009 survey results hve shown