Today, Ladilsav presented an interesting paper authored by Ladislav, Michal and Itzick entitled “Ancient settlements are significant sources of nutrients in Eastern Mediterranean ecosystems – the case of Tel Burna, Israel” at the European Geosciences Union General Assembly in Vienna, Austria (see photo of presentation title, and thanks to Oren Ackermann for attending and taking a photo).
The following is the abstract for the paper:
Past human settlement activities have caused changes in soil chemical properties that may persist in the cultural soil archive for a very long time and some of them are practically irreversible. We are studying the question if the large-scale mapping of elemental composition based on the surface layer of contemporary soil can reveal spatial patterns corresponding to areas of settlements, which were abandoned even millennia ago.
Our case-study is focused on the archaeological site of Tel Burna, located in the Shephelah region, Israel, and its immediate surroundings, making a survey area of 68 ha. The site is known as the town flourishing mainly in the Late Bronze Age and Iron Age (13th-7th centuries BCE). The heyday of the town was during the 10th – 8th centuries BCE, when its summit was enclosed by a massive limestone wall. Later on, the significance of the settlement declined, and the architecture vanished. The place has gradually turned to an uninhabited area, used in the recent period as a pasture. We have measured the chemical composition of 350 samples from the surface soil at and around the site by a portable XRF device as part of an on-going interdisciplinary research project studying this site. The results were analysed by standard statistical methods and also in geographical information systems, which were used for calculating models of elemental distribution patterns across the surveyed area.
In this paper, we discuss the observation that the anthropogenic impact on the chemical composition of soils became quite significant already in times of ancient societies. This human-induced signature was of such magnitude that it can still be detected today, not only in the sub-surface archaeological deposits, but also on the very surface of the present-day landscape. We are able to demonstrate that the nutrients accumulated within the precincts of ancient settlements through the intensive deposition of organic and inorganic waste have been slowly released into local ecosystems and this process of nutrients dispersion will continue in the future. Human activities certainly have (and always have had) a long-term effect on soils, but not all these impacts are negative in the sense of environmental pollution. Especially in the semi-arid Mediterranean ecosystems, where some key nutrients like phosphorus may be deficient in contemporary soils, the immediate surroundings of archaeological sites are clearly enriched from local reservoirs of such elements represented by archaeological sites. This demonstrates that archaeological sites are not only important cultural heritage, but also an essential part of local ecosystems, playing a significant yet under-studied role in their long-term sustainability.
Check out Yirmi’s newly published article that discusses his experiences and reflections on restoring the vessels from Tel Burna. Way to go Yirmi!
We are pleased to announce that a new article that was written by Itzick and Joe has just been published. This article relates to our experience in “community archaeology” at Tel Burna. From the outset of the project, one of the main goals was to include as many as people as possible from the local communities in the excavation process. This article lays out some of the reasons why that is an important principle for archaeological excavation. Enjoy! Way to go Itzick and Joe!
The full reference is:
Itzhaq Shai & Joe Uziel (2016) All for Archaeology and Archaeology for All: The Tel Burna Archaeology Project’s Approach to Community Archaeology, Journal of Community Archaeology & Heritage, 3: 57-69
American Archaeology Abroad is offering two scholarships to help fund US undergraduates wishing to participate in an archaeological excavation overseas. If you are thinking of joining us at Tel Burna this summer (and you are a US undergraduate student) – you should apply for this scholarship!
We are pleased to announce another generous donation to the Tel Burna Archaeological Project by Edward and Myrna Weisselberg!
Edward and Myrna have supported us since day one of the project andtheir support has played a huge role in the effectiveness of the project to date – thank you Weisselbergs!
First of all, we here at Tel Burna would like to wish all of our friends a very happy New year! May 2016 be a very productive and exciting time for all of bus and May we have another great archaeological year at Burna!
But wait! Big news, Chris Mckinny’s book has appeared! The book, titled “My People as your people: A textual and archaeological analysis of the reign of Jehoshaphat”, is based on his ma thesis. Way to go Chris!!!! May this be the first of many.